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Once the site of the old Neutral Indian village of Onghiara, the town was settled at the close of the American Revolution by Loyalists coming to Upper Canada. In 1791 part of the military reserve at the mouth of the river was chosen as the future town site. In 1792, Newark - as it was named by Governor Simcoe - became the first capital of the newly-created colony of Upper Canada, and the legislature met here for five sessions, until the capital was moved to York (Toronto) in 1797.
Niagara-on-the-Lake also holds the distinction of passing the Act to Limit Slavery legislation in Upper Canada in 1793. This was the first colony in the British Empire to enact such legislation and set the stage for the Underground Railway.
After the town was burnt by invading American forces during the War of 1812, Niagara was rebuilt and became an active commercial centre, with a busy shipping and ship-building industry, and many shops and warehouses. The beautiful old homes that exist to this day attest to the prosperity of its citizens.
Today, over two hundred years after its founding, Niagara-on-the-Lake honours its rich and diverse history, and has more heritage buildings than any other town its size in Canada. We welcome you to visit and experience it firsthand.
Beautiful Niagara-on-the-Lake, often called the loveliest small town in Ontario, is nestled along the shores of the mighty Niagara River and the blue waters of Lake Ontario.
Old Town shopping district boasts a number of quaint shops, boutiques, restaurants, museums, fine hotels, spas and bed & breakfast establishments, as well as public and private art galleries, and the centuries-old Court House.
The world-renowned Shaw Festival Theater offers an outstanding program of classic and original plays. Entertainment at historic pubs, jazz and classical music festivals, and art galleries and shows - all here for you to discover!
And the wineries! More than 20 wineries are nestled below the Niagara Escarpment amidst a landscape of vineyards and orchards stretching from the picturesque Niagara River Parkway.
Bike trails and historic green spaces allow you to experience the awe-inspiring landscapes in the town's surroundings.
Niagara-on-the-Lake offers year-round enjoyment. Come for a visit!
Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake
Celebration of Canada's 150th Birthday!